Powerflush nearby to Bracknell
Bracknell is a large town and civil parish in Berkshire, England, and the administrative center of the Borough of Bracknell Forest. It is located 11 miles (18 kilometers) east of Reading, 9 miles (14 kilometers) south of Maidenhead, 10 miles (16 kilometers) southwest of Windsor, and 25 miles (40 kilometers) west of central London.
Bracknell, which was originally a market village and part of the Windsor Great Forest, experienced rapid growth in the mid-twentieth century when it was designated a New Town. Bracknell New Town, which was originally planned for a population of 25,000, was expanded in the late 1960s to accommodate a population of 60,000. Bracknell absorbed many of the surrounding hamlets, including Easthampstead, Ramslade, and Old Bracknell, as part of this expansion. Bracknell’s population is estimated to be around 84,000 as of 2018. It serves as a commercial hub and the UK headquarters for a number of technology companies.
Swinley Forest (up to Winkfield Row) and Crowthorne Woods surround the town on the east and south sides. Many local outlying areas, including Ascot, Warfield, Winkfield, and Binfield, have been absorbed into the urban area.
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The name Bracknell was first recorded as Braccan heal in a Winkfield Boundary Charter in AD 942, and may mean “Nook of land belonging to a man called Bracca,” from the Old English Braccan (genitive singular of a personal name) + heal, healh (a corner, nook or secret place).
Brakenhale, an early form of the town’s name, is still used as the name of one of its schools. The town encompasses the entire old village of Easthampstead (though not the entire parish) as well as the hamlet of Ramslade.
Bill Hill has a Bronze Age round barrow. Easthampstead Park was a popular royal hunting lodge in Windsor Forest, and Catherine of Aragon was imprisoned there until her divorce was settled. It was later the home of the Trumbulls, Binfield patrons of Alexander Pope.
The Quelm Stone, a standing stone, is located in the suburb of Quelm Park to the north-east of the town, and Caesar’s Camp, an Iron Age hill fort, is located to the south-west, just over the border in Crowthorne.
The ‘Old Manor’ public house, a 17th-century brick manor house with a number of priest holes, is one of the town’s oldest structures.
Next door once stood the ‘Hind’s Head’ coaching inn, where Dick Turpin is said to have drunk.
It is believed that tunnels once existed between the two, through which the famous highwayman could elude the authorities.
The Red Lion and the Bull are two other old pubs that have survived, both of which are timber-framed and date from before the 18th century.
The parish church of St Michael and St Mary Magdalene in Easthampstead is the town’s oldest place of worship. There has been a church there since Saxon times, but the current structure dates from the mid-nineteenth century, with the exception of the lower portions of the Tudor tower. The Holy Trinity Church, located near the town center, was built in 1851.
The new town
In the aftermath of World War II, Bracknell was designated as a new town on June 17, 1949. The site was originally a village/small town in the Easthampstead Rural District’s civil parish of Warfield. There is very little of the original Bracknell left. The Bracknell site was chosen over White Waltham, which was also considered, because it avoided encroaching on good quality agricultural land. It also had the added benefit of being on a railway line.
The new town was intended to occupy over 1,000 hectares (about 6 square miles) of land in and around ‘Old Bracknell,’ in and around the areas now occupied by Priestwood, Easthampstead, Bullbrook, and Harmans Water. The existing town center and industrial areas were to be preserved, while new industry was to be brought in to create jobs. Since then, the town has grown far beyond its original boundaries, into farmland to the south.
The New Town was designed on the neighborhood principle, with a series of neighbourhoods each with a population of around 10,000 and a church, a small parade of shops, a primary school, small business space, a community center, and a pub (all within a five-minute walk). The plans called for pedestrianization, the construction of a ring road around the town center, and the separation of industrial and residential zones.
Some of the estates have streets with only names, not odonyms – in Birch Hill, Crown Wood, Great Hollands, and others, there is no Road, Avenue, or Street, only ‘Frobisher,’ ‘Jameston,’ ‘Juniper,’ and ‘Jevington.’ The residential streets in Great Hollands and Wildridings, on the other hand, are named alphabetically, with As through Ds, such as Donnybrook in Hanworth, and Js, such as ‘Jameston,’ ‘Juniper,’ and ‘Jevington’ in Birch Hill.
The town includes areas that were previously part of the parishes of Easthampstead, Warfield, Binfield, and Winkfield. The town’s center is located just north of the railway station, and it is completely pedestrianized, with much of the shopping concentrated around Princess Square, Charles Square, and the Broadway. At the Peel Centre, there are ‘out-of-town’ shops, a multiscreen cinema, and a ten-pin bowling complex. The Western and Southern industrial estates are just to the west, on either side of the railway line. There are numerous residential suburbs (see settlement table below), the oldest of which are Priestwood and, of course, Easthampstead village.
The Joint Services Command and Staff College was housed in the former RAF Staff College buildings in Harmans Water, which are now closed. Wimpey redeveloped the site for housing in 2008, with an estimated 730 houses. The area around Easthampstead Park and the wooded Yew Tree Corner in the town’s south-western corner remains rural. However, a new housing development called Jennett’s Park is currently being built (as of 2007) at Peacock Farm and on part of what was previously Easthampstead Park’s grounds. Farley Wood has a large pond, as does the Easthampstead Mill Pond between Great Hollands and Wildridings, and South Hill Park has two lakes. The Bull Brook rises above ground just outside the boundaries of the Bullbrook suburb.