Rutland Power Flushing

We Power Flush heating systems in these Rutland towns:
Oakham
Uppingham



Rutland is a ceremonial county and unitary authority in England’s East Midlands. Leicestershire borders it on the west and north, Lincolnshire on the northeast, and Northamptonshire on the southeast.

Its greatest length is only 18 miles (29 km) north to south, and its greatest breadth is 17 miles east to west (27 km). It is England’s smallest historic county and the fourth smallest in the United Kingdom as a whole. As a result, the county council adopted the Latin motto Multum in Parvo, or “much in little,” in 1950. It has the fewest residents of any normal unitary authority in England. The Isle of Wight, City of London, and City of Bristol are the smallest ceremonial counties. The former County of London, which existed from 1889 to 1965, had a smaller area as well. It is the 323rd most populous of the 326 districts.

Rutland has only two towns: Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir in the county’s center, is an important nature reserve that serves as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys.

Rutland’s older cottages are made of limestone or ironstone, and many of them have Collyweston stone slate or thatch roofs.

HISTORY

Earl of Rutland and Duke of Rutland are peerage titles in England held by the Manners family and derived from the historic county of Rutland. In 1703 the Earl of Rutland was elevated to the rank of Duke, and the titles were merged. Belvoir Castle in Leicestershire is the family seat.

The office of High Sheriff of Rutland was established in 1129, and a Lord Lieutenant of Rutland has existed since at least 1559. Oakham Castle, which was built between 1180 and 1190, is a Grade I listed building and “one of the nation’s best-preserved Norman buildings.” 

By the nineteenth century, it had been subdivided into hundreds such as Alstoe, East Rutland, Martinsley, Oakham, and Wrandike.

Rutland included portions of three poor law unions and rural sanitary districts (RSDs): Oakham, Uppingham, and Stamford. The registration county of Rutland included the entire Oakham and Uppingham RSDs, as well as several parishes in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire – the eastern part of Stamford RSD was included in the registration county of Lincolnshire. Oakham Union workhouse was built under the Poor Laws in 1836–37 on a site to the north-east of the town, with room for 100 paupers. The structure was later used as the Catmose Vale Hospital and is now part of the Oakham School. 

Under the Local Government Act of 1894, the rural sanitary districts were divided along county lines to form three rural districts in 1894. The Oakham and Uppingham Rural Districts in Rutland were combined to form the Oakham and Uppingham Rural Districts, with the two parishes of Oakham RSD in Leicestershire becoming part of the Melton Mowbray Rural District, the nine parishes of Uppingham RSD in Leicestershire becoming the Hallaton Rural District, and the six parishes of Uppingham RSD in Northamptonshire becoming Gretton Rural District. Meanwhile, the Ketton Rural District was formed from a portion of the Stamford RSD in Rutland.

Oakham Urban District was formed in 1911 from Oakham Rural District. It was eventually repealed in 1974. 

The “East Midlands General Review Area” of the 1958–67 Local Government Commission for England included Rutland. The eastern part of Rutland would have been added to Leicestershire, with Ketton Rural District joining Stamford in a new administrative county of Cambridgeshire. The final proposals were less radical, proposing that Rutland become a single rural district within Leicestershire’s administrative county.

GEOGRAPHY

The Rutland Formation was named after the geology of the area, which was formed from muds and sand carried down by rivers and appears as bands of different colors, each with many fossil shells at the bottom. A bed of dirty white sandy silt lies at the bottom of the Rutland Formation. The Lincolnshire limestone formation is found beneath the Rutland Formation. The Ketton Cement Works quarry, just outside Ketton, has the best exposure of this limestone (as well as the Rutland Formation). 

Rutland is dominated by Rutland Water, a large artificial lake in the county’s center that was formerly known as “Empingham Reservoir” and is almost bisected by the Hambleton Peninsula. The western section is located in the Vale of Catmose. Rutland Water became Europe’s largest man-made lake when construction began in 1971; construction was completed in 1975, and filling the lake took another four years. This has been voted the best tourist attraction in Rutland.

Cold Overton Park (historically part of Flitteriss Park) is the county’s highest point, rising 197 meters (646 feet) above sea level near the county’s western border (OS Grid reference: SK8271708539). The lowest point in the county is near the east border, in secluded farmland at North Lodge Farm, northeast of Belmesthorpe, at only 17 m (56 feet) above sea level (OS Grid reference: TF056611122); this corner of the county is on the edge of The Fens and is drained by the West Glen.

ECONOMY

Rutland has 17,000 people of working age, with the highest percentage (30.8 percent) employed in Public Administration, Education, and Health, closely followed by 29.7 percent employed in Distribution, Hotels, and Restaurants, and 16.7 percent employed in Manufacturing. Lands’ End in Oakham and the Ketton Cement Works are both significant employers. Rutland also has two Ministry of Defence bases, Kendrew Barracks (formerly RAF Cottesmore) and St George’s Barracks (formerly RAF North Luffenham), two public schools, Oakham and Uppingham, and one prison, Stocken. The former Ashwell prison closed at the end of March 2011 following a riot and government review, but it has now been transformed into Oakham Enterprise Park after being purchased by Rutland County Council. The county used to supply iron ore to Corby steel works, but the quarries closed in the 1960s and early 1970s, resulting in the famous “Sundew” (the Exton quarries’ large walking dragline) walk from Exton to Corby, which was even featured on the children’s TV show Blue Peter. Agriculture thrives on the fertile soil, with much wheat farming. Tourism is expanding.

Langham’s largest industry was the Ruddles Brewery, which closed in 1997. Rutland bitter is one of only three UK beers to have received Protected Geographical Indication status, thanks to Ruddles’ application. When Ruddles’ owners, Greene King, closed the Langham brewery, they were unable to take advantage of the registration.  Oakham’s Grainstore Brewery, on the other hand, released a Rutland Bitter in 2010. 

It ranks 348th out of 354 in England on the Indices of Deprivation, indicating that it is one of the least economically deprived areas in the country.

Rutland became the fourth Fairtrade County in March 2007.

This is a trend chart of the non-metropolitan county of Leicestershire and Rutland’s regional gross value added at current basic prices, with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

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