Powerflush nearby to Sheffield
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in the English county of South Yorkshire. The name comes from the Sheaf River, which runs through the city. It was historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, and some of its southern suburbs, such as Mosborough, were transferred to the city council from Derbyshire. It is 6 miles (9.7 kilometers) south-west of Rotherham, 40 miles (64 kilometers) east of Manchester, 38 miles (61 kilometers) south of Leeds, and 44 miles (71 kilometers) north of Nottingham. It is the largest settlement in South Yorkshire and Yorkshire’s second-largest city (by population).
The city is located in the eastern foothills of the Pennines, as well as the valleys of the Don River and its four tributaries, the Loxley, Porter Brook, Rivelin, and Sheaf. Sixty-one percent of Sheffield’s total area is green space, and the Peak District national park encompasses one-third of the city. There are over 250 parks, woodlands, and gardens in the city, with an estimated 4.5 million trees.
Sheffield played a critical role in the Industrial Revolution, producing many significant inventions and technologies. When stainless steel and crucible steel were developed locally in the nineteenth century, the city’s traditional cutlery trade expanded dramatically, fueling a nearly tenfold increase in population. Sheffield received its municipal charter in 1843 and was incorporated as the City of Sheffield in 1893. In the 1970s and 1980s, international competition in iron and steel caused a decline in these industries, coinciding with the collapse of coal mining in the area. In 1889, the Yorkshire ridings became counties in their own right, and the West Riding of Yorkshire county was disbanded in 1974. Since 1986, the city has been part of the South Yorkshire county, which is made up of separately governed unitary authorities.
Sheffield, like other British cities, has seen extensive redevelopment in the twenty-first century. Sheffield’s gross value added (GVA) has grown by 60% since 1997, reaching £11.3 billion in 2015. The economy has grown steadily at a rate of around 5% per year, which is higher than the broader region of Yorkshire and the Humber.
Sheffield F.C., the world’s oldest football club, and Sandygate, the world’s oldest football ground, are both located in the city. The Steel City derby refers to matches between the two professional clubs, Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday. The World Snooker Championship is also held in Sheffield, as is the Sheffield Steelers, the UK’s first professional ice hockey team.
Sheffield had a population of 518,090 according to the 2011 census, making it the second largest city in Yorkshire and The Humber. The Sheffield Built-up Area, which includes the town of Rotherham, has a population of 685,369 people. At the mid-2019 estimate, the district borough, which is governed from the city, had a population of 584,853, making it the third most populous district in England. It is one of the Core Cities Group’s eleven English cities.
Click this for powerflushing service in these postcode areas:
History from the beginning
The area now occupied by the City of Sheffield is thought to have been inhabited since the late Upper Paleolithic period, approximately 12,800 years ago.
The first evidence of human occupation in the Sheffield area was discovered at Creswell Crags, east of the city. During the Iron Age, the area became the southernmost territory of the Brigantes, a Pennine tribe. This tribe is thought to have built several hill forts in and around Sheffield.
Following the Romans’ departure, the Sheffield area may have been part of the Brittonic kingdom of Elmet, with the rivers Sheaf and Don forming part of the border between this kingdom and the kingdom of Mercia.
Anglian settlers gradually pushed west from the kingdom of Deira. A Britonnic presence in the Sheffield area can be seen in two nearby settlements called Wales and Waleswood. The settlements that grew and merged to form Sheffield, on the other hand, are of Anglo-Saxon and Danish origin, and date from the second half of the first millennium. The Sheffield area straddled the border between the kingdoms of Mercia and Northumbria in Anglo-Saxon times. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Eanred of Northumbria surrendered to Egbert of Wessex in 829 at the hamlet of Dore (now a suburb of Sheffield), a pivotal event in the unification of the kingdom of England under the House of Wessex.
Following the Norman conquest of England, Sheffield Castle was built to protect the local settlements, and a small town developed that became the modern city’s nucleus.
By 1296, a market had been established at what is now known as Castle Square, and Sheffield grew into a small market town. Sheffield was already known for the manufacture of knives in the 14th century, as mentioned in Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, and by the early 1600s, it had become the main center of cutlery manufacture in England outside of London, overseen by the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire. Mary, Queen of Scots was imprisoned in Sheffield Castle and Sheffield Manor from 1570 to 1584.
Sheffield can be found at 53°22′59′′N 1°27′57′′W. It is directly adjacent to Rotherham, from which it is largely separated by the M1 motorway. Although Barnsley Metropolitan Borough shares a northern border with Sheffield, the town itself is a few miles away. Sheffield shares its southern and western borders with Derbyshire; in the first half of the twentieth century, Sheffield expanded its borders south into Derbyshire, annexing a number of villages, including Totley, Dore, and the area now known as Mosborough Townships. The Peak District National Park and the Pennine upland range are directly west of the city, while the lowlands of the South Yorkshire Coalfield are directly east.
Sheffield is a city with a diverse geographical landscape.
The city is located in the eastern foothills of the Pennines, in a natural amphitheatre formed by several hills and the confluence of five rivers: Don, Sheaf, Rivelin, Loxley, and Porter. As a result, much of the city is built on hillsides with views of the city center or the surrounding countryside. With a gradient of 16.6°, Blake Street in the S6 postcode area is the third steepest residential street in England. Sheffield is the highest city in England above sea level, with the highest point being 548 meters (1,798 feet) near High Stones and Margery Hill. Near Blackburn Meadows, the city’s lowest point is only 29 metres (95 feet) above sea level. However, 79% of the city’s housing is located between 100 and 200 meters (330 and 660 feet) above sea level. Sheffield’s varied altitudes have given rise to frequent claims, particularly among locals, that the city was built on Seven Hills. Because this claim is debatable, it is most likely the result of a joke about the Seven Hills of Rome.
It is estimated that there are approximately 4.5 million trees in the area. Sheffield has more trees per person than any other city in Europe and is regarded as one of the greenest cities in England and the United Kingdom, as evidenced by its victory in the 2005 Entente Florale competition. It has over 170 woodlands (covering 10.91 sq mi or 28.3 km2), 78 public parks (covering 7.07 sq mi or 18.3 km2), and 10 public gardens among its more than 250 parks, woodlands, and gardens. When the 52.0 square miles (134.7 km2) of national park and the 4.20 square miles (10.9 km2) of water are factored in, the city’s greenspace accounts for 61 percent of its total area. Despite this, approximately 64% of Sheffield householders live more than 300 metres (328 yards) from their nearest greenspace, though access is better in less affluent neighborhoods throughout the city. Sheffield also has a diverse range of habitats, comparable to any other city in the UK: urban, parkland and woodland, agricultural and arable land, moors, meadows, and freshwater-based habitats. Six areas in the city have been designated as sites of special scientific interest.
When the former county borough of Sheffield merged with Stocksbridge Urban District and two parishes from the Wortley Rural District in 1974 (with minor changes in 1994), the current city boundaries were established.
This area encompasses a large portion of the countryside surrounding the main urban area. The Peak District National Park encompasses roughly one-third of Sheffield. No other English city had parts of a national park within its boundaries until March 2010, when the South Downs National Park, part of which lies within Brighton and Hove, was established.